Table of Contents
- Canadian TRI-Council Ethics
- Ten Core Principals of Market Research - MRIA
- Ten Principals of Privacy - PIPEDA
- Additional Information
- non-personally identifiable information;
- the name, title, business address and/or telephone number of an employee of an organization;
- other information about an individual that is publicly available and is specified by regulation pursuant to the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (Canada).
Canadian TRI-Council Ethics
- Respect for Human Dignity
- We will protect confidentiality and unsure no harm comes to those who take part in research.
- Respect for Free and Informed Consent
- We will inform respondents about the process.
- We will be honest and will not provide false information or false benefits.
- Respect for Vulnerable Persons
- We will undertake special procedures, training and care to ensure the protection of vulnerable groups like children, seniors, or other requiring special protection from abuse or exploitation.
- Respect for Privacy
- We will protect the confidentiality of the information provided.
- We will protect the privacy of those taking part.
- Respect for Justice and Inclusiveness
- We will fair and non-judgmental placing equal value and respect for all those who take part in our research.
- We will not use information or insight gained to exploit or take advantage of anyone else.
- Minimizing Harm
- We will not expose anyone to any unnecessary risks or harm.
- We will use the best methods to conduct, store, manage and report on our research.
- Maximizing Benefit
- We will have a duty to ensure the research we gather is used for the purpose intended.
- We will record the information accurately and with respect.
Ten Core Principals of Market Research - MRIA
The following principals summarize the ideas of the MRIA Code of Conduct, and are founded on the history of practice of marketing research in Canada, the ICC/ESOMAR Code of Marketing and Social Research and the principals underlying PIPEDA.
- Principal of Consent
- Contact with members of the public is at all times to be undertaken with their consent and with observance of their right to withdraw at any time.
- Principal of Public Confidence
- Members should act in a manner that serves to promote and augment, not diminish the confidence of the public in research in general.
- Principal of Public's Right to Privacy
- The use of research data should extend only to those purposes for which consent was received. The public's desire for privacy and anonymity is to be respected.
- Principal of Accuracy
- Members agree to recommend those research methods that are appropriate to the research goals, and to avoid conducting research which would be inaccurate or misleading. Members must be accurate in all aspects of research and refrain from purporting or suggesting levels of accuracy which are greater than is warranted by the nature of the research. Members shall report and interpret their results in a manner that represents these results accurately and acknowledges such limitations on the research which, in the absence of such acknowledgement, might mislead.
- Principal of Ethical Practice
- Members shall at all times act honestly, ethically and fair in their dealings with all members of the public, clients, employers, sub-contractors and each other. They will refrain from activities which show disrespect or otherwise unjustifiably demeans, criticize, or disparage others.
- Principal of Clients Right
- Members shall protect the interests of their clients and clients¡¯ right to confidentiality. Members shall ensure that records of research will be held for the appropriate periods and that these will be protected from theft, misuse and inadvertent destruction.
- Principal of Lawfulness
- Members, in their conduct of research, shall abide by the prevailing provincial, national and international legislation which applies to research they conduct.
- Principal of Competency
- Members agree to uphold high standards of general competency in the design, execution, analysis, reporting, interpretation and consulting phases of all research.
- Principal of Familiarity
- Members will undertake to keep themselves, their co-workers and clients informed about the code of conduct to avoid breaches of it, and will undertake also to inform themselves of any recent changes made by the assessing, where necessary, such sources as the MRIA website or other materials.
- Principal of Professionalism
- Members commit themselves to the goal of seeking to continuously improve themselves in their chosen profession.
Ten Principles of Privacy - PIPEDA
Principle 1 - Accountability
Focal Research Consultants Limited is responsible for the personal information under its control and shall assign one or more individuals to be accountable for our organization¡¯s compliance. Responsibility for Focal Research Consultants Limited compliance rests with the assigned individual(s), even though other individuals within our organization may handle the day-to-day collection and processing of the information. Focal Research Consultants Limited is responsible to protect all personal information held by our organization including information transfer to third party for processing. Focal Research Consultants Limited shall use contractual or other means to provide comparable level of protection while the information is being processed by a third party. Focal Research Consultants Limited shall implement policies and practices to give effect to the principles, including:
- implementing procedures to protect personal information;
- establishing procedures to receive and respond to complaints and inquiries;
- training staff and communicating to staff information about the organization¡¯s policies and practices; and
- developing information to explain the organization¡¯s policies and procedures.
Principle 2 - Identifying Purposes for Collection of Personal Information
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall identify the purposes for which personal information is collected at or before the time the information is collected.
Focal Research Consultants Limited collects personal information from the public only for the following purposes:
- to conduct quantitative or qualitative marketing and social research;
- to understand respondent opinions to establish suitability for further quantitative and qualitative marketing and social research; and
- to meet legal and regulatory requirements.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall specify orally, electronically or in writing the identified purposes to the respondent at or before the time personal information is collected in a survey. Upon request, persons collecting personal information shall explain these identified purposes or refer the individual to a designated person within Focal Research Consultants Limited who can explain the purposes.
When personal information that has been collected is to be used or disclosed for a purpose not previously identified, the new purpose shall be identified prior to use. Unless the new purpose is permitted or required by law, the consent of the respondent will be acquired before the information will be used or disclosed for the new purpose.
Principle 3 - Obtaining Consent for Collection, Use or Disclosure of Personal Information
The knowledge and consent of an individual are required for the collection, use, or disclosure of personal information, except where inappropriate.
Participation by respondents in survey research is always voluntary. When a respondent agrees to participate in a survey, he/she gives consent to the interview by participating.
Generally, any personal information collected in the course of an interview is not disclosed to third parties. However, occasionally, a client sponsoring a research project may want to contact respondents directly. In these cases, Focal Research Consultants Limited always explains the reason for the disclosure to the respondent and obtains express permission from the respondent before making any such disclosure.
A respondent is always free to choose whether or not to participate in a survey, free to choose not to answer any specific questions and free to discontinue participation at any time.
In obtaining consent, Focal Research Consultants Limited shall use reasonable efforts to ensure that a respondent is advised of the identified purposes for which personal information will be used or disclosed. The identified purposes shall be stated in a manner that can be reasonably understood by the respondent.
Generally, Focal Research Consultants Limited shall seek consent to use and disclose personal information at the same time it collects the information. However, Focal Research Consultants Limited may seek consent to use and/or disclose personal information after it has been collected, but before it is used and/or disclosed for a new purpose.
In determining the appropriate form of consent, Focal Research Consultants Limited shall take into account the sensitivity of the personal information and the reasonable expectations of its respondents.
The participation of a respondent in a quantitative or qualitative marketing or social research study may constitute implied consent for Focal Research Consultants Limited to collect, use and disclose personal information for the identified purposes.
Principle 4 - Limiting Collection of Personal Information
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall limit the collection of personal information to that which is necessary for the purposes identified by Focal Research Consultants Limited. Focal Research Consultants Limited shall collect personal information by fair and lawful means.
In conducting surveys, Focal Research Consultants Limited limits the amount and type of personal information it collects. We collect only the amount and type of information needed for the purposes identified to individuals.
Focal Research Consultants Limited collects personal information about an individual primarily from that individual or a member of that individual's household. Except as permitted by law, Focal Research Consultants Limited will only collect personal information from external sources, such as client organizations, if individuals have consented to such collection.
Principle 5 - Limiting Use, Disclosure, and Retention of Personal Information
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall not use or disclose personal information for purposes other than those for which it was collected, except with the consent of the individual or as required or permitted by law. Personal information shall be retained only as long as necessary for the fulfillment of those purposes.
Focal Research Consultants Limited may disclose a respondent's personal information to:
- a client of Focal Research Consultants Limited where the respondent has consented to such disclosure;
- a third party engaged by Focal Research Consultants Limited to perform functions on its behalf;
- a public authority or agent of a public authority if, in the reasonable judgment of Focal Research Consultants Limited, it appears that there is imminent danger to life or property which could be avoided or minimized by disclosure of the information; or
- a third party or parties, where the respondent consents to such disclosure or disclosure is required or permitted by law.
Only Focal Research Consultants Limited's employees with a business need-to-know, or whose duties reasonably so require, are granted access to personal information about respondents.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall keep personal information only as long as it remains necessary or relevant for the identified purposes or as required by law. Depending on the circumstances, where a respondent may have to be re-contacted for purposes of clarifying responses to a survey, or to seek additional responses, Focal Research Consultants Limited shall retain the personal information for a period of time that is reasonably sufficient to allow this re-contact.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall maintain reasonable and systematic controls, schedules and practices for information and records retention and destruction which apply to personal information that is no longer necessary or relevant for the identified purposes or required by law to be retained. Such information shall be destroyed, erased or made anonymous.
Principle 6 - Accuracy of Personal Information
Personal information shall be as accurate, complete, and up-to-date as is necessary for the purposes for which it is to be used.
Personal information used by Focal Research Consultants Limited shall be sufficiently accurate, complete, and up-to-date to minimize the possibility that inappropriate information may be used to make a decision about a respondent.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall update personal information about respondents and employees as necessary to fulfill the identified purposes or upon notification by the individual.
Principle 7 - Security Safeguards
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall protect personal information by security safeguards appropriate to the sensitivity of the information.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall protect personal information against such risks as loss or theft, unauthorized access, disclosure, copying, use, modification or destruction, through appropriate security measures, regardless of the format in which it is held.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall protect personal information disclosed to third parties by contractual agreements stipulating the confidentiality of the information and the purposes for which it is to be used.
All of Focal Research Consultants Limited's employees with access to personal information shall be required to respect the confidentiality of that information.
Principle 8 - Openness Concerning Policies and Procedures
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall make readily available to individuals specific information about its policies and procedures relating to the management of personal information.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall make information about its policies and procedures easy to understand, including:
- the means of gaining access to personal information held by Focal Research Consultants Limited;
- a description of the type of personal information held by Focal Research Consultants Limited, including a general account of its use; and
- a description of what personal information is made available to related organizations (e.g. subsidiaries).
Principle 9 - Individual Access to Personal Information
Upon request, Focal Research Consultants Limited shall inform an individual of the existence, use, and disclosure of his or her personal information and shall give the individual access to that information. An individual shall be able to challenge the accuracy and completeness of the information and have it amended as appropriate.
Upon written request to the Privacy Officer (email@example.com), Focal Research Consultants Limited will inform an individual of the existence, use and disclosure of his/her personal information and shall be given access to that information.
In certain situations, Focal Research Consultants Limited may not be able to provide access to all the personal information that it holds about a respondent. For example, Focal Research Consultants Limited may not provide access to information if doing so would likely reveal personal information about a third party or could reasonably be expected to threaten the life or security of another individual. Also, Focal Research Consultants Limited may not provide access to information if disclosure would reveal confidential commercial information.
In order to safeguard personal information, a respondent may be required to provide sufficient identification information to permit Focal Research Consultants Limited to account for the existence, use and disclosure of personal information and to authorize access to the individual's file. Any such information shall be used only for this purpose.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall promptly correct or complete any personal information found to be inaccurate or incomplete. Any unresolved differences as to accuracy or completeness shall be noted in the individual's file. Where appropriate, Focal Research Consultants Limited shall transmit to third parties having access to the personal information in question any amended information or the existence of any unresolved differences.
Respondents and employees can obtain information or seek access to their individual files by contacting the Focal Research Consultants Limited Privacy Officer (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Principle 10 - Challenging Compliance
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall maintain procedures for addressing and responding to all inquiries or complaints from its respondents regarding Focal Research Consultants Limited's handling of personal information.
Focal Research Consultants Limited shall, on written request, inform its respondents about the existence of these procedures as well as the availability of complaint procedures.
Attn: Privacy Officer
Focal Research Consultants Limited
7071 Bayers Road, Suite 309
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Please visit the Privacy Commissioner of Canada's website at www.privcom.gc.ca.